Visit Romania – 21 most beautiful places in Transylvania


Visit Romania! Transylvania, the part of Romania associated with fictional vicious vampires and a real historical figure of Vlad the Impaler, is in fact a charming part of Romania with no traces of its bloody past. Visitors can enjoy lively medieval towns, stunning castles, well preserved fortified churches, medieval fortresses as well as natural attractions such as ice caves or volcanic lakes.

Below is a concise list of the most beautiful places in Transylvania. I have already visited some of them and I irreversibly fell in love with this region. My five day long road trip was too short to see all the places I wanted but I plan to return there to see the rest. If you plan to visit Romania, I hope that you will find this list useful.

Sighisoara, Visit RomaniaSighisoara, Transylvania, Romania by Katka

Visit Romania – 21 most beautiful places in Transylvania

1. Biertan

Biertan, a peaceful town just 30km from Sighisoara, is located in the south-eastern part of Transylvania. It is one of the oldest Saxon settlements in Transylvania. The first document mentioning Biertan dates back to 1224.

So it seems that the first German inhabitants came here in 13th century and stayed in Biertan until 20th century when they either died in the WW2 or had to return back to Germany. However, even nowadays you can still find a lot of people in Biertan who speak German.

Biertan, Transylvania, Visit Romania
Biertan, Transylvania, Visit Romania by Katka

In the middle of Biertan, surrounded by old Saxon-like houses, perched on a hill, is the fortified church of Biertan. The church is surrounded with outer walls and several towers. It is well worth a visit. Do not miss the building of the matrimonial prison.

Couples who wanted to divorce were forced to spend time together there to make sure they wished to end their marriage. They had to share a single room with only one bed, one chair and one set of tableware. If they reconciled, they could leave earlier, otherwise they stayed locked up for two weeks.

Biertan Fortified Church, Transylvania, Visit Romania
Biertan Fortified Church, Transylvania, Visit Romania by Otto Schemmel

2. Sighisoara

Sighisoara, a beautiful medieval town, has been designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.

Its cobbled streets, steep stairways, secluded squares, colourful houses, and several towers create a magical atmosphere. There are a lot of sights not to be missed in Sighisoara. One can walk up the Covered Stairs to the Hill Church for a stunning panorama over the city.

The 14th century Clock Tower, a true symbol for this 700 years old town, also offers a great view of the old city centre. And those who are fascinated with vampires can visit the actual birthplace of Vlad Dracula, who inspired Bran Stoker’s Count Dracula.

Sighisoara, Transylvania, Visit Romania
Sighisoara, Transylvania, Visit Romania by Katka

Sighisoara, Transylvania, Visit Romania
Sighisoara, Transylvania, Visit Romania by Katka

3. Brasov

Brasov, a city at the foot of Mount Tampa, is one of the most visited places in Romania. Those who like hiking can walk to the top of Tampa Mountain and enjoy a splendid view of the medieval town. It takes about an hour to get to the top.

However, the Tampa cable car can take the visitors to the peak in a few minutes. There is a Brasov sign at the top of the mountain inspired by the famous Hollywood one.

Tourist can stroll around the old Town Hall Square, they can visit the Black Church, the largest Gothic church in Romania or visit one of the narrowest streets in Europe – the Rope Street.

Brasov, Transylvania, Visit Romania
Brasov, Transylvania, Visit Romania by Andrew Colin

4. Rasnov Fortress

Rasnov Fortress is a medieval citadel built in the 13th century and located on a rocky hilltop in the Carpathian Mountains. It was built as protection against invading Tartars. Rasnov Fortress has been recently restored and tourists today can visit the impressive remains.

Rasnov, Transylvania, Visit Romania
Rasnov Fortress, Transylvania, Visit Romania by Neighbor’s goat

5. Bran Castle

Bran Castle, also known as Dracula’s Castle, is situated only 30km from Brasov.

It is the most famous castle in Transylvania. Although tourists visit it mostly because it was supposedly the home of Vlad Tepes, the Count of Dracula, they will not find anything that would suggest that it was a home to one of the greatest villains living on the pages of Bram Stoker’s book.

The castle itself is quite picturesque and charming.

Bran Castle, Transylvania, Visit Romania
Bran Castle, Transylvania, Visit Romania by Kyle Taylor

6. Sibiu

Like Sighisoara and Brasov, Sibiu was built by German settlers known as Transylvanian Saxons. The historic area is even today guarded by medieval city walls.

Sibiu is a city with two levels: the Upper town, home to most of Sibiu’s historic sights, and the Lower town, lined with colorful houses on cobblestone streets. One of the most interesting sightseeing destinations in Sibiu is the Bridge of Lies.

It is an unassuming pedestrian metal bridge, built in 1859 to connect the Lower town and the Upper town. However, there is a curious legend connected with it. It says that when somebody says a lie while walking on the bridge, it starts moving or even falls down.

Sibiu, Transylvania, Visit Romania
Sibiu, Transylvania, Visit Romania by Katka

7. Salina Turda Salt Mine

Salina Turda Salt Mine is an enormous salt mine that is nowadays in part a museum of salt mining and in part an amusement park.

Visitors can find there an underground lake with row boats, a Ferris wheel, and even a bowling alley.

Visit Romania
Salina Turda Salt Mine, Transylvania, Visit Romania by Katka

8. Prejmer Fortified Church

Prejmer fortified church is the largest fortified church in Southeastern Europe and a true gem of Transylvania. If the village was under attack, the villagers could hide inside the walls protecting the church. There are over 250 rooms built for this purpose. The church itself is modelled after churches in Jerusalem.

Prejmer, Transylvania, Visit Romania
Prejmer Fortified Church, Transylvania, Visit Romania by Neighbor’s goat

9. Dacian Fortresses of the Orastie Mountains

The Dacian fortresses in Orastie Mountains date from the 1st centuries B.C. and A.D. Although conquered by the Romans at the beginning of the 2nd century A.D., the remains of the fortresses still stand.

Dacian Fortress, Transylvania, Visit Romania
Dacian Fortresses of the Orastie Mountains, Transylvania, Visit Romania by Cosmin Stefanescu

10. Scarisoara Ice Cave

Scarisoara Ice Cave, a national monument, houses the second biggest underground glacier in south-eastern Europe. It is one of the most important caves in Romania.

According to the research the glacier is 3000 – 4000 years old.

Scarisoara Ice Cave, Transylvania, Visit Romania
Scarisoara Ice Cave, Transylvania, Visit Romania by Beradrian

11. Chiscau Bear’s Cave

The Bear’s cave was visited by Ursus spelaeus (cave bears) more than 15.000 years ago. One day a rock slide closed the entrance while more than 140 bears were still in the cave. Becoming hungry, the bears killed each other.

This story is told by their remains. The bear bones with the marks of bear teeth remained on the floor of the cave until 1983 when the  cave was rediscovered.

Chiscau Cave, Transylvania, Visit Romania
Chiscau Cave, Transylvania, Visit Romania by Zátonyi Sándor

12. Focul Viu Glacier

Focul Viu (Living Fire) Glacier is a cave sheltering the third largest block of ice in the country. It is a small cave, consisting of only two rooms. The largest room‘s ceiling is broken by a large window. Around noon, sun rays penetrate through the window creating an enchanting setting.

Focul Viu Cave, Transylvania, Visit Romania
Focul Viu Cave, Transylvania, Visit Romania by Magda.adgaM

13. Corvin Castle at Hunedoara

The Corvin Castle, also known as Hunyad Castle, is one of the most impressive medieval buildings in Romania.

Built in 14th century, it became famous as a property of Iancu of Hunedoara, the great ruller and fighter against the Ottoman Empire at that time. The castle is a large building, with tall and diversely coloured roofs, towers, windows and balconies adorned with carvings in stone. Moreover, it has a famous well shrouded in legend.

Corvin Castle, Transylvania, Visit Romania
Corvin Castle at Hunedoara, Transylvania, Visit Romania by fusion-of-horizons

14. Transfagarasan highway

As the second highest road in Romania, the Transfagarasan offers route to the alpine area of the Carpathian Mountains. The road is 100km long with the highest point 2032m.

This road can be a scary drive in places. There are large sections of road with sheer drops of over 300 m and no barrier. This place is not for the faint-hearted.

Transfagarasan, Transylvania, Visit Romania
Transfagarasan highway, Transylvania, Visit Romania by Horia Varlan

15. Balea Lake

Balea Lake is a glacier lake situated at 2,034 m of altitude in the Făgăraș Mountains known also as the Transylvanian Alps. The lake is accessible by car via the above mentioned Transfagarasan highway. However, there are a lot of hiking tracks with spectacular views of the mountains.

So even if you get to the lake by car, take some time to walk around to enjoy the scenery. In winter those who like ice climbing can find an ice waterfall near the lake.

Balea Lake, Transylvania, Visit Romania
Balea Lake, Transylvania, Visit Romania by Kiki Vasilescu

16. Alba Iulia citadel

Alba Iulia is a great Vauban fortification. It was the capital of Transylvania between 1541 and 1690. In the first part of the 18th century Alba Iulia became one of the best defended citadels of the region.

Alba Iulia, Transylvania, Visit Romania
Alba Iulia citadel, Transylvania, Visit Romania by Kiki Vasilescu

17. Cluj Napoca

Cluj Napoca is the largest and the most developed city in Transylvania as well as one of the oldest settlements in the country. The town has been inhabited since pre-Roman time but it became a city only in 1213.

Cluj Napoca, Transylvania, Visit Romania
Cluj Napoca, Transylvania, Visit Romania by Dennis Jarvis

18. Fagaras fortress

The beautifully preserved fortress surrounded by water is currently a museum displaying Roman artifacts, a collection of medieval weapons and traditional folk crafts.

Fagaras fortress was considered to be one of the strongest fortifications in Transylvania at one time and it even functioned as a political prison during the communist era.

Fagaras fortress, Transylvania, Visit Romania
Fagaras fortress, Transylvania, Visit Romania by Ervin Boer

19. Retezat National Park

Retezat National Park protects more than 300 species of flora and 50 species of mammal including brown bear, wolves, lynx, foxes and deer. It is a great destination both for those who like hiking as well as those who just want to relax. There are a lot of hiking trails and a few climbing routes.

Retezat, Transylvania, Visit Romania
Retezat National Park, Transylvania, Visit Romania by Matei Domnita

20. St Anna Lake

St Anna Lake (also called Sfanta Ana) is the only intact volcanic lake in Europe. The water purity is close to that of distilled water. It is recommended to visit also the nearby caves known as “smelling” caves because of sulphur emanation.

Bucura and Ana lakes from Peleaga Peak, Transylvania, Visit Romania
Bucura and Ana lakes from Peleaga Peak, Transylvania, Visit Romania by Horia Varlan

21. Monastery of Cozia

Cozia Monastery is one of the most valuable monuments of national medieval architecture in Romania. Cozia was painted between 1390 and 1391 and some of the original frescoes are still well preserved.

Cozia Monastery, Transylvania, Visit Romania
Cozia Monastery, Transylvania, Visit Romania by fusion-of-horizons

How to get to Romania?

To find a cheap flight to Romania, you can search on our partner’s website Skyscanner.

Where to stay in Romania?

You can find an cheap hotel in Romania by searching on this hotel aggregator.

This was the list of places in Transylvania that are in my opinion well worth visiting. I hope you enjoyed it and use it once you decide to visit Romania. As I already mentioned I have not seen them all but I plan to explore them sometime in the future. If you have been to any of those places please leave your comment or recommendation.

A comment ? Write there !

  1. Where is the best place to visit for in Transylvania for flea markets selling traditional textiles/ clothing etc?

  2. IN Photo no.20 are Lake Ana and Bucura from Retezat Mountains not Lake Saint Ana from Ciomatu Mountain

  3. HI


  4. Hey, I have been visiting Sibiu this year and I think the city has a lot of touristic attractions such as Astra Museum, Lutheran Evangelical Cathedral & Tower, The Tower of the Council and of course a lot of restaurants in the city center to taste the traditional Romanian food. It’s a must go destination if you are visiting Transylvania.

    Also, for travelers visiting Sibiu, there is a new service which offers discount to the most beautiful restaurants and it’s called Travelscounter = Travel + Discounts. For the ones of you interested in it’s discounts check:

  5. Very good article. Indeed Romania is a country worth visiting!

  6. wow! Merci pour autant de belles images ça fait du bien à l’esprit. (wow! Thank you for so many beautiful images it feels good in mind.)

  7. Wonderful article. Recently we have been to Transylvania but didn’t have the occasion to visit all!
    Please check our mini tour:


    • Katka Stupakova

      Thanks for your comments, Marco. Your pictures from mini tour are really funny! 🙂

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